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Reaching New Heights of Creativity
A computer rendering of the future World Trade Center site in New York © Silverstein Properties, Inc./dbox Studio
For an architectural project manager overseeing some of the (literally)
highest profile projects in the country, Kenneth Lewis BArch 83is
surprisingly down to earth.
“I’m just an architect working on some tall buildings,"
he quipped before launching into a talk at RISD's Architecture Department on the daunting challenges he
and his team at Skidmore, Owings & Merrill (SOM) faced in overseeing the
design and construction of two new buildings (towers 1 and 7) on the World
Trade Center site in lower Manhattan. Chief among them was to design buildings
that serve as “bunkers” able to withstand future terrorist attacks, while also providing
public art and creative inspiration for their tenants, neighbors and indeed,
all residents of and visitors to New York.
Luminosity and transparency became the
guiding principles by which Lewis and his team made creative decisions, and collaborators
such as fellow RISD alumnus and glass architect James
Carpenter 72 ILinspired SOM
to continually push the envelope. “Integrated with art from the very
beginning,” as Lewis describes it, the project incorporates innovations such as
Carpenter’s active surfaces that illuminate one wall of 7 WTC with blue LEDs as
pedestrians walk by. The complex also incorporates art – including a sculpture
by Jeff Koons – in its courtyards and public spaces.
During a process that spanned 5 years, Lewis continually
sought out expert advice on new technologies – a practice he originally began during
his student days at RISD – pulling together an international team of engineers,
materials scientists and others to produce multiple iterations and devise real-life
tests. At each step along the way, the project required the invention of new
materials – from oversized sheets of ultra-clear glass to dense reinforced
concrete able to withstand the test bombs to which it was subjected. In fact, the
buildings themselves became a testing ground for new ideas in engineering,
materials science and sustainability, and proved to be as durable and ergonomic
as they are aesthetically pleasing. Ultimately, they also earned the highest
standard of sustainable building at the time, LEED gold certification.
“Architects are tasked with imagining the future,” noted Architecture
Professor Christopher Bardt BArch 83in his introduction to the talk by his
former RISD classmate. Nearly 10 years after the terrorist attacks of 9-11, New
York is still in the process of imagining and reshaping its own future.
As one of the architects contributing to this, Lewis says that
RISD not only helped him hone his problem solving, but also taught him that, “Art
is always at the core of a project, never an afterthought. The creative
act has to be part of everything you do.”