Planetary Research Practices
Planetary Geologist Peter Schultz talks to first-year D+M students about the importance of visual evidence for scientific research at the Northeast Planetary Data Center.
As a group of Digital + Media grad students gazes through 3D glasses at a wall-sized image of a Martian crater, planetary geologist Peter Schultz is eager to provide a rare perspective about the importance of art, design and visual communication to the sciences. “When I was on a mission to a comet,” says the director of the Northeast Planetary Data Center (PDC), “we flew by it and everyone rushed to print out large images so that we could make observations together.” During a presentation at the NASA/Brown University research facility, he pointed out how practitioners in his field rely very much on imagery and visual evidence to pursue their research.
The late September visit to the PDC is one way first-year students in a D+M graduate studio/seminar are introduced to research-based studio practices. “We work with a very rich definition of research,” says D+M faculty member Aly Ogasian MFA 15 DM. “Research can take place in a library, or an academic institution, or in the studio or a laboratory. This is something we really push D+M students to think about.” A recent graduate of the program herself, she has a strong interest in astronomy and photographs of space exploration, and finds the PDC to be an ideal site for students to consider similarities between artistic and scientific inquiry—in terms of both processes and outcomes.
“It’s about presenting what’s possible,” Ogasian continues. “We want our students to make real-world connections, either through research or through collaborations with people in other fields, or simply by finding inspiration in unexpected places.” At the PDC, one of eight facilities of its kind in the US, Schultz dug into a rich archive of both analog and digital research from NASA missions like Deep Impact and the LCROSS expedition, which sought to detect the presence of frozen water beneath the surface in a shadowed lunar crater near the south pole. He also shared 6,000 frames-per-second video evidence from his volcanic ballistics research at NASA’s Ames Vertical Gun Range in California, a facility that allows him to study planetary-scale phenomena in a small space and then extrapolate the results.
“I can bore you with this stuff forever,” joked Schultz. “I just think it’s so cool.” For Nafis White 15 SC/MFA 18 DM, this glimpse into the scientist’s process proved to be both inspirational and familiar. White, whose late father was a mathematician at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, thought of our collective fascination with “our solar system and beyond” while browsing the PDC’s archive of lunar research. Having returned to RISD to work within D+M’s “very open and interdisciplinary curriculum,” the Sculpture alumna plans to develop the ideas sparked by Schultz’s talk into an art book that incorporates images of the moon’s landscape with those of the Rhode Island shoreline.
“Much of the first semester [in D+M] is steeped in personal research and development, and for me this has led to drawing out works and concepts and slowly realizing them,” says White, who is thrilled to be pursuing “yearlong learning, iteration, construction and research” supported and inspired by faculty and fellow makers in the department.
In making cross-disciplinary connections with practitioners like Schultz, Ogasian hopes to further encourage D+M students “to step outside the boundaries of ‘traditional’ research practice” and to adopt an expansive methodology for making creative breakthroughs. “The Planetary Data Center is interesting [for D+M] because it contains a mixture of digital and analog technologies—and they use both digital and analog tools to make discoveries. And that’s what our students do, too.”
A group exhibition curated by Digital + Media faculty members Shona Kitchen, Alyson Ogasian and writer Jennifer Dalton Vincent investigates the human need to explore.
Grad student Stephanie Muscat MFA 17 DM combines hands-on making skills with a lifelong love of science.
As a biodesigner and studio manager of RISD Co-Works, David Kim MFA 14 DM is deeply committed to principles of inclusion and interdisciplinarity.